On 1 January 2015 the new EMA policy on publication of clinical data entered into force. Under this policy, the Agency proactively publishes the clinical reports submitted as part of marketing-authorisation applications for human medicines. Since 2010 the Agency has been releasing clinical-trial reports on request, under its access-to-documents policy.
The policy will apply to clinical reports contained in all marketing-authorisation applications submitted after that date. The reports will be released as soon as a decision on the application has been taken.
The Agency embarked on this process because it believes that the release of data is about establishing trust and confidence in the system, because it will allow the public to better understand the Agency’s decision-making. In addition, academics and researchers will be able to re-assess data sets. The publication of clinical reports will also help to avoid duplication of clinical trials, foster innovation and encourage development of new medicines.